The Celtic Tree Calendar

A Companion Calendar
Finnegans Wake
(a continuing project)

November and December


September 1st is the first day of the Byzantine calendar; accordingly, this companion calendar to Finnegans Wake begins with September 1, 2001.

A familiarity with the Wake will be presumed -- the focus will be on historic events which trigger associations that relate to the text of the Wake, with some entries more specific, some more tangential.

Comments, contributions, criticisms, and questions are encouraged.

--Patricia Berger & Faith Steinberg
factferreters (55.13)




2   1650



Irish Race Convention in Dublin.

Oliver Cromwell wins Battle at Dunbar.

Oliver Cromwell wins Battle at Worcester.

Death of Oliver Cromwell.




3   1898

4   1607

5   1896




British Act for reform of calendar in Great Britain, Ireland, and the American Colonies, decreeing the next day to be September 14th.

United Irish Party launched under presidency of O'Duffy.

Queen Victoria visits Ireland for 23 days.

Earls of Tyrone and Tyrconnell secretly sail from Lough Swilly in the Flight of the Earls.

Final Report of Childers Commission appointed to inquire into financial relations between Great Britain and Ireland.

The name Sinn Fein adopted.

First Battle of the Marne.

First number of The Irish Press, founded by Eamon de Valera.


6   1701



9   1845

10   1763

11   1923



14   1914

15   1898


James II dies at St. Germains.

Arrival of potato blight reported in press.

First number of Freeman's Journal.

Irish Free State admitted to League of Nations.

Cromwell takes Droghede by storm.

First Battle of the Aisne.

Wolfe Tone Day.



17   1630


18   1914


20   1803


Opening of Belfast Station (2BE) of the B.B.C.

Boston founded by John Winthrop.

Irish Free State elected to council of League of Nations.

Third Home Rule bill receives royal assent, but its operation is suspended.

Robert Emmet executed for high treason.

One of four statues of Robert Emmet created by Jerome Connor in 1916; it was donated to the Golden Gate Park (San Francisco, California) in 1919 by James D. Phelan, and stands in front of the California Academy of Sciences building.



21   1170



24   1913


26   1932



29   1155


Black & Tan raid on Balbriggan, south Dublin.
About the Black & Tans:
from the site A History of Ireland in Song, which includes
"Come Out, Ye Black and Tans"
by Brendan Behan's brother Dominic:

Dublin falls to the Normans.
About this period of Ireland's history.

Provisional Government of Ulster is provided for.

Eamon de Valera given inaugural speech as Chairman of the League of Nations.
About de Valera
About the League of Nations:

Proposal for invasion of Ireland by Henry II discussed at Winchester but rejected.  More information
with maps here
a chronology of the times here.

with her mug of October
(a pots on it!)
2   1394
Richard II arrives at Waterford.



  6   1891
Death of Parnell at Steyning near Brighton.



  10   1921

Impact of Ibsen on American drama seen in host of domestic dramas.
Irish Manuscript Commission appointed.

Parnell's Funeral
W.B. Yeats

Under the Great Comedian's tomb the crowd.
A bundle of tempestuous cloud is blown
About the sky; where that is clear of cloud
Brightness remains; a brighter star shoots down;
What shudders run through all that animal blood?
What is this sacrifice? Can someone there
Recall the Cretan barb that pierced a star?

Rich foliage that the starlight glittered through,
A frenzied crowd, and where the branches sprang
A beautiful seated boy; a sacred bow;
A woman, and an arrow on a string;
A pierced boy, image of a star laid low.
That woman, the Great Mother imaging,
Cut out his heart. Some master of design
Stamped boy and tree upon Sicilian coin.

An age is the reversal of an age:
When strangers murdered Emmet, Fitzgerald, Tone,
We lived like men that watch a painted stage.
What matter for the scene, the scene once gone:
It had not touched our lives. But popular rage,
Hysterica passio dragged this quarry down.
None shared our guilt; nor did we play a part
Upon a painted stage when we devoured his heart.

Come, fix upon me that accusing eye.
I thirst for accusation. All that was sung.
All that was said in Ireland is a lie
Bred out of the contagion of the throng,
Saving the rhyme rats hear before they die.
Leave nothing but the nothings that belong
To this bare soul, let all men judge that can
Whether it be an animal or a man.

The rest I pass, one sentence I unsay.
Had de Valera eaten Parnell's heart
No loose-lipped demagogue had won the day.
No civil rancour torn the land apart.

Had Cosgrave eaten Parnell's heart, the land's
Imagination had been satisfied,
Or lacking that, government in such hands.
O'Higgins its sole statesman had not died.

Had even O'Duffy -- but I name no more --
Their school a crowd, his master solitude;
Through Jonathan Swift's dark grove he passed, and there
Plucked bitter wisdom that enriched his blood

11   1644














Cromwell takes Wexford.

Funeral for Parnell in Dublin.

Television first used in political campaign in U.S.



  14   1066


Battle of Hastings

General Mountjoy has nearly 7,000 soldiers in Cork to fight the Spanish who had landed at Kinsdale on September 21.

15   1925

Dirigible ZR-3 completes flight from Friedrichshafen to Lakehurst, N.J.
  16   1797

Lord Cardigan born.  Leader of the Charge of the Light Brigade; died March 28, 1868 after a fall from his horse.
  17   1171
Henry II lands near Waterford.

  19   1649
New Ross surrenders to Cromwell.
  21   1803

Thomas Russel dies and with him the Society of United Irishmen.
23   1918
Charles Chaplin marries 16-year-old starlet Mildred Harris.



  27   1881
Rioits between Parnellites and anti-Parnellites in Cork.
  28   1919
Troops withdrawn from Murmansk and Archangel.
29   1787

Mozart's "Don Giovanni" first performed in Prague's National Theatre. (more contemporary pictures)

30   1918


Armistice agreed between allied powers and Ottoman government.

Ku Klux Klan march in Jacksonville, Florida, arouses press attention.



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